Posted by: SAKINA AND SARA | April 2, 2009

RULING ON HANGING PICTURES, PHOTOGRAPHS AND FIGURINES

Ruling on praying in a garment on which there is a
picture of an animal or a person
 

It is not permissible to wear clothes on which there are images of animals or people, because of the report narrated by al-Bukhaari (3226) and Muslim (2106) from Abu Talhah (may Allaah be pleased with him), according to which the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The angels do not enter any house in which there is an image.” 

See: Mataalib Ooli al-Nuha (1/353). 

 

Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked about the ruling on wearing clothes on which there are images of animals or people. He replied: It is not permissible for a person to wear clothes on which there is an image of an animal or a person, and it is not permissible to wear ghutrahs or other headgear on which there is an image of a person or an animal, because it is proven that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The angels do not enter any house in which there is an image.” Hence we do not think that anyone should keep pictures for memories, as they say, and whoever has any pictures for memories should destroy them, whether he put them on the wall or in an album etc, because keeping them deprives the people of the house of the angels entering upon them. And Allaah knows best. End quote.

 

He (may Allaah have mercy on him) was also asked about the ruling on children wearing clothes on which there are images of animate beings. He replied: The scholars said that it is haraam to dress a child in what it is haraam for adults to wear. Whatever has an image on it, it is haraam for adults to wear it, so it is also haraam for children to wear it. This is the answer. What the Muslims should do is to boycott these clothes and shoes, so that the evildoers will have no means of reaching us in this matter. If they are boycotted they will never find a way of bringing them into this land, because when they are boycotted there will be no point in bringing them here. End quote from Majmoo Fataawa al-Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen (12/333). 

 

Secondly: 

Prayer offered in a garment that has images of people or animals on it is valid, but there is some sin involved. 

 

The Scholars of the Standing Committee were asked: Is it permissible to pray in a garment on which there is an image of a person or images of animals? Is it permissible to enter the toilet in a garment on which there is the name of Allaah? 

 

They replied: It is not permissible to pray in clothes on which there are images of animate beings, whether people, birds, camels, cattle, sheep, or other animate beings, and it is not permissible for a Muslim to wear them when he is not praying either. The prayer of one who prays wearing clothes on which there are images is valid, but he is sinning if he knows the shariah ruling. It is not permissible to write the name of Allaah on clothing, and it is makrooh to enter the toilet wearing it, because that is showing disrespect to His name, may He be exalted. End quote. 

Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daaimah (6/179) 

 

Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked about the ruling on the prayer of one who prays in a garment on which are embroidered or printed images of animate beings. 

 

He replied: If he is unaware, there is no sin on him, but if he knew (the ruling) then his prayer is valid but there is some sin involved, according to the more correct of the two scholarly rulings. Some scholars said that his prayer is invalid, because he has prayed in a garment that is haraam for him. End quote from Majmoo Fataawa al-Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen (12/360) 

 

Based on this, you have to remove the image of the tiger or crocodile from your clothes, or distort the image by removing the head or covering it with some colour or thread that will hide it. If you pray with the image still on your clothes, your prayer is valid but there is some sin. 

http://www.islam- qa.com/en/ ref/83154/ picture

 

Ruling on wearing a necklace with a pictureof
al-Masjid al-Aqsa or the Kaabah

 

There is nothing wrong with wearing a necklace on which is a picture of al-Masjid al-Aqsa or the holy Kaabah, unless it has the name of Allaah or anything from the Quraan engraved on it, in which case it is not allowed to wear it because it is disrespectful, or the aim in wearing it is to seek blessing from the picture of these places that are venerated by Muslims. In that case it is not permissible to wear it. 

http://www.islam- qa.com/en/ ref/112127/ picture

 

Taking pictures for memories

 

The basic principle concerning making pictures of any animate being, whether it is a human or any animal, is that it is haraam, whether the pictures are three-dimensional or are drawn on paper, cloth or walls, etc., or are photographs (taken with a camera), because of the reports in the saheeh ahaadeeth which state that that is not allowed, and threaten the one who does that with a painful torment, and because they may lead to shirk in the form of standing respectfully before them, humbling oneself before them, drawing close to them and venerating them in a manner that is only befitting for Allaah.

 

They are also forbidden because this is a kind of trying to match the creation of Allaah, and because of the temptation inherent in some of them, such as pictures of actresses and naked women, and so-called beauty queens. 

 

Among the ahaadeeth which state that this is haraam and that it is a major sin is the hadeeth of Ibn Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him), who said, “I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say: ‘Whoever makes an image in this world will be told to breathe the soul into it on the Day of Resurrection, and he will never be able to do that.’” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari and Muslim).

 

He [Ibn Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him)] also narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Every image-maker will be in the Fire, and every image that he made will be made to appear to him and will torment him in Hell.”

 

Ibn Abbaas said: “If you must do that, then make trees and things that have no soul.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari and Muslim).

 

The general meaning of the ahaadeeth is that it is absolutely forbidden to make images of anything that has a soul. 

Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daaimah, 1/456-457 

 

Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen said, when he was asked about pictures: making pictures for this purpose is haraam and is not permitted. That is because making pictures for memories is haraam, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “The angels do not enter any house in which there is an image,” (narrated by al-Bukhaari, Bid al-Khalq, 2986), and whatever the angels do not enter had no goodness in it. 

Fataawa Manaar al-Islam, 3/759 
http://www.islam- qa.com/en/ ref/10668/ picture

 
Ruling on Photographs 

Photography (tasweer) means the taking ofpictures of living, animate moving beings, like people, animals, birds, etc. The ruling is that it is forbidden on the basis of a number of reports, such as the following:

‘Abdullaah ibn Masood (may Allaah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Those who will be most severely punished by Allaah on the Day of Resurrection will be the image-makers. “(Reported by al-Bukhaari, see al-Fath, 10/382).

Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Allaah, may He be exalted, says: ‘Who does more wrong than the one who tries to create something like My creation? Let him create a grain of wheat or a kernel of corn.’” (Reported by al-Bukhaari, see Fath al-Baari, 10/385). 

‘Ali (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “Shall I not send you on the same mission as the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) sent me? Do not leave any built-up tomb without levelling it, and do not leave anypicture in any house without erasing it.” (Reported by Muslim and al-Nisaai; this is the version narrated by al-Nisaa’i).

Ibn Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him and his father) reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Every image-maker will be in the Fire, and for every image that he made a soul will be created for him, which will be punished in the Fire.” Ibn Abbaas said: If you must do that, make pictures of trees and other inanimate objects.”(Reported by Muslim, 3/1871)

These ahaadeeth indicate that pictures of animate beings are haraam, whether they are humans or other creatures, whether they are three-dimensional or two-dimensional, whether they are printed, drawn, etched, engraved, carved, cast in moulds, etc. These ahaadeeth include all of these types of pictures.

The Muslim should submit to the teachings of Islam and not argue with them by saying, “But I am not worshipping them or prostrating to them!” If we think about just one aspect of the evil caused by the prevalence of photographs and pictures in our times, we will understand something of the wisdom behind this prohibition: that aspect is the great corruption caused by the provoking of physical desires and subsequent spread of immorality caused by these pictures.

The Muslim should not keep any pictures of animate beings in his house, because they will prevent the angels from entering. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:“The angels do not enter a house in which there is a dog orpictures.” (Reported by al-Bukhaari, see al-Fath, 10/380.

 

But nowadays, unfortunately, one can even find in some Muslim homes statues of gods worshipped by the kuffaar (such as Buddha etc.) which they keep on the basis that they are antiques or decorative pieces. These things are more strictly prohibited than others, just as pictures which are hung up are worse than pictures which are not hung up, for how easily they can lead to glorification, and cause grief or be a source of boasting! We cannot say that these pictures are kept for memory’s sake, because true memories of a Muslim relative or friend reside in the heart, and we remember them by praying for mercy and forgiveness for them.

Taking pictures with a camera involves human actions such as focusing, pressing the shutter, developing, printing, and so on. We cannot call it anything other than “picture-making” or tasweer, which is the expression used by all Arabic-speakers to describe this action.

In the book Al-Ilaam bi naqd kitaab al-halaal wal-haraam, the author says: “Photography is even more of an imitation of the creation of Allaah than pictures which are engraved or drawn, so it is even more deserving of being prohibited… There is nothing that could exclude photography from the general meaning of the reports.” (p. 42, see also Fataawa Islamiyyah, 4/355).

Among the scholars who have discussed the issue of photography is Shaykh Naasir al-Deen al-Albaani, who said: “Some of them differentiate between hand-drawn pictures and photographic images by claiming that the latter are not products of human effort, and that no more is involved than the mere capturing of the image. This is what they claim. The tremendous energy invested the one who invented this machine that can do in few seconds what otherwise could not be done in hours does not count as human effort, according to these people! Pointing the camera, focusing it, and taking the picture, preceded by installation of the film and followed by developing and whatever else that I may not know about… none of this is the result of human effort, according to them!

Some of them explain how this photography is done, and summarize that no less than eleven different actions are involved in the making of apicture. In spite of all this, they say that thispicture is not the result of human action! Can it be permissible to hang up a picture of a man, for example, if it is produced by photography, but not if it is drawn by hand  

Those who say that photography is permitted have “frozen” the meaning of the word “tasweer,” restriciting it only to the meaning known at the time of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and not adding the meaning of photography, which is “tasweer” or “picture-making” in every sense – linguistic, legal, and in its harmful effects, and as is clear from the definition mentioned above. Years ago, I said to one of them, By the same token, you could allow idols which have not been carved but have been made by pressing a button on some machine that turns out idols by the dozen. What do you say to that?”
(Aadaab al-Zafaaf by al-Albaani, p. 38)

It is also worth quoting the opinion of some contemporary scholars who allow the taking of photographs but say that the pictures should not be kept: “The angels do not enter a house in which there is a dog or picture

 

Photographs which are essential are permitted – such as those required for identity documents, or for identifying or pursuing criminals [e.g. “wanted” posters and the like – translator’s note], or for educational purposes which cannot be achieved otherwise. The principle in shareeah is that we should not exaggerate about what is

necessary

http://www.islam- qa.com/en/ ref/365/picture

 
 
Also Read
Ruling : Hanging Photos on wall
 

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Responses

  1. salam

    i have no power over taking pictures of in my house.
    but my room has no pitures hanged .
    will angels come to my room?

    • Dear Hanfah,
      I am not a scholar but here is what I found out about.

      1. http://www.fatwa-online.com/fataawa/worship/prayer/0040215.htm
      2. http://europenews.dk/en/node/8536

      However here is a different opinion… Wa `alaykum As-Salamu wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.

      In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

      All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.

      Dear questioner, we commend your pursuit of knowledge and your eagerness to seek what is lawful and avoid what is not. We earnestly implore Allah to bless your efforts in this honorable way.

      There is nothing to prohibit hanging family pictures on the wall as long as this is far from the possibility of breeding reverence and glorification and the content of the picture itself does not reveal any `awrahs or indecency.

      In his response to the question, Sheikh Ahmad Kutty, a senior lecturer and Islamic scholar at the Islamic Institute of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, states:

      “It is not considered haram (forbidden) to hang family pictures on the wall; however, I should urge you against hanging them on the wall directly facing you in Prayer. For by hanging them in the direction of Prayer, your thoughts will likely be distracted; furthermore, it may inadvertently give the impression that we worship pictures. It is important for us Muslims to make ourselves distinct in our religious practices from those who associate partners with Allah in their worship. So never hang such pictures in the direction of your Prayer.

      Still another point to consider: Never hang pictures of leaders and heroes, past or present, on your walls, for it may inadvertently lead to feelings of extreme reverence and hero worship, and this in turn may become an avenue leading to shirk. Such things are considered as avenues leading to that which is haram, and hence considered as forbidden. It is worth remembering that this was the main rationale for prohibiting carving images and statues in the first place.

      Since, however, such motives are entirely lacking in hanging family pictures, there is no reason to consider it as haram.”

      Allah Almighty knows best.

      Read more: http://www.islamonline.net/servlet/Satellite?pagename=IslamOnline-English-Ask_Scholar/FatwaE/FatwaE&cid=1119503547104#ixzz0ytIvVjBV

      I hope that this helps and remember one thing, your intention is what matters most so just make sure each time your intention is clear between you and Allah swt.

      fi amanillah,,,

  2. Assalamu alaykum, brothers and sisters in islam.
    NEVER TO MAKE HALAL WHAT ALLAH AND HIS MESSENGER HAVE MADE MANIFESTLY HARAM! Pictures are only to be snapped and kept in terms of necessity, i.e in place of passports, schools or criminal act detection. I don’t think there is any confusion about the above ample hadiths provided. All the mentioned hadith provide a clear cut prohibition about the hanging of pictures of animate beings and snapping either without a shadow of dowt to be haram. Not only the hadiths, but also the views of high calibres of islam ascertain the prohibition of even keeping the pictures in the house without hanging them. Albany, usaymin, gummi, shk. Ja’far all back this claim. The scholar in Toronto makes it halal and in the process going against the hadiths and these great scholars of Islam so as to ease the religion- which means both him and his claim will be thrown away and the doctrine of Allah and His messenger Must be taken and ADOPTED IF U REALLY LOVE THEM MORE THAN ANYONE ELSE! Ma’assalam.

  3. Good day I was luck to seek your topic in bing
    your topic is outstanding
    I get a lot in your Topics really thank your very much
    btw the theme of you site is really excellent
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    • thank you .. it is part of the wordpress basic themes but i used a photo for the header.

  4. Thanks Muhammad


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